Mobile Advertising

Era of Mobile Payments Almost Here

After many years of discussion it appears that mobile payments will finally break through in the US in 2011. The SF Chronicle offers a nice roundup of some of the mobile payments initiatives going on, focusing on near-field communications and a company called Bling Nation:

Bling Nation, a Palo Alto startup founded in 2007, is among the furthest along in this emerging field, with more than 1,000 retailers nationwide accepting its payment system. The company provides so-called Bling tags, or small stickers, that affix to the back of a mobile phone and transmit data using a wireless standard known as Near Field Communication.

When users tap the tag on a proprietary reader at participating retailers, it pulls money from their PayPal account. For security, users have to enter a personal identification number for purchases over a certain amount, or when transactions occur at an unusual frequency or location.

Here are the major existing and potential mobile payments contenders in the US market:

  • Visa (and Mastercard)
  • PayPal (eBay)
  • Apple/iTunes
  • Verizon, AT&T & Discover (carriers + payments processor)
  • Others: Boku, Zong, Square, Bling Nation, Amazon potentially 

As the article explains Bling Nation's appeal to merchants is lower fees vs. traditional banks/cards. It then hopes that merchants will proselytize and evangelize the system to consumers. Companies in Bling Nation's position typically face the proverbial "chicken and egg problem." Smaller players must often build merchant and consumer acceptance for their service at the same time, like Tabbed out or Square. Bling itself has reportedly built some of that scale with merchants. 

Successful smaller companies, as measured by relative scale, will be acquired in the near term. Mobile payments will be a kind of "clash of the titans" ultimately, where size and scale will matter significantly. There can be three or maybe four major players that can co-exist and succeed in the market. However Visa and the carriers are unlikely to offer anything truly innovative in terms of user experience or merchant discounting. So it's up to Apple, PayPal and the startups to innovate around the merchant and/or user experience.  

And where's Google in all this? The company will definitely want to be part of mobile payments. Google's payments platform, Checkout, has largely failed to catch on because of tepid consumer promotion. Google could try and reinvigorate it and/or acquire one of the smaller companies in the space. Watch for a payments acquisition by Google I predict.

Geodelic Does White Label Deal with Clear Channel

Clear Channel Airports, a division of Clear Channel Outdoor, has partnered with Geodelic to create a co-branded airport-centric local search app called FLYsmart. It offers fairly comprehensive information about services, flights, transportation, as well as places to eat and shop within and nearby the user's airport of choice.

Presumably Clear Channel will be extending its ads into the app, appropriate to the location and airport in question.

I found it to be a nicely done application, with a number of ways to view desired information (carousel view, list or map view). I'm not a fan of the Geodelic carousel. According to the press release:

FLYsmart is available now for free download for the iPhone smart phones, with an Android version expected to be released soon. A BlackBerry version is slated for release in early Fall. The app will initially be launched in ten of North America's largest airports including Atlanta, Boston, Chicago O'Hare, Dallas Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Philadelphia, Phoenix, San Francisco and Seattle. New airports, of all sizes, will be added each week.

Dedicated to airport advertising for more than 30 years, CCA is the premier innovator of contemporary display concepts that currently handles more than 200 airport programs across the globe. CCA has a presence in 32 of the top 50 U.S. markets with major airports.

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Geodelic has done co-branded projects in the past, with T-Mobile initially and then Universal Studios. In each case users get the Geodelic-branded app as part of the partner app (T-Mobile offered a branded version of Geodelic). The same is true with FLYsmart; Geodelic is one of the options (screen far right). 

The company will likely pursue a dual course, doing more partner deals like Clear Channel while continuing to try and build its consumer brand and usage -- a much more challenging proposition. But the co-branded download also provides Geodelic with a kind of backdoor into consumer usage.  

RIM Bids for Millennial Ad Network

The Wall Street Journal reported yesterday that RIM was/is in talks to acquire mobile ad network Millennial Media:

Under pressure in the increasingly competitive wireless market, BlackBerry maker Research in Motion Ltd. is shopping for a mobile advertising network, people familiar with the matter said.

In recent months, the Canadian device maker has held talks with Baltimore-based mobile ad network Millennial Media about a potential acquisition, these people said. But the talks have stalled over disagreements regarding the value of Millennial, which serves advertisements on its own network of mobile websites. It also brokers ad sales to a group of other mobile ad networks.

The proposed sale price, at which RIM has balked reportedly, is $400 to $500 million. Assuming all this is relatively accurate the failure of these talks may turn out to be a good thing for Millennial in the end. 

First, why might RIM want to buy an ad network? The rationale would have to be the same as Apple's: keep developers fed and happy and ensure that its platform and apps have a revenue stream. Beyond this Millennial could help develop/serve ads across the "RIM network" (its installed base of users).  According to comScore, RIM/BlackBerry has 42% of the US smartphone market, followed by Apple with 24%. 

The similarly situated Nokia previously bought Enpocket, although I think there's essentially nothing left of that organization. 

RIM, with its legacy enterprise focus and related "buttoned down" culture, would probably not be a good fit with Millennial and its consumer-facing ads orientation -- unless RIM was totally hands off. There's also the question of whether RIM would continue to operate the broader network or simply focus Millennial's efforts on RIM devices and its developer ecosystem, as Apple is now doing. Apple is, as expected, shutting down the Quattro network to focus entirely on iAds. That would probably also happen at RIM. 

Getting into the advertising business might also be something of a distraction for RIM. Arguably buying a network doesn't get the company where it needs to go: better consumer products that really excite people. So while buying a network is one of those things that might make sense on the whiteboard, it might not turn out to "on the ground." 

Millennial will probably get bought at some point by someone already in the interactive ads business. Alternatively the company could go public, as has been rumored. 

By the same token, if RIM feels that it must have an ad platform/network to compete and to ensure its apps ecosystem remains healthy and grows, it probably will buy someone else. There are a number of other possibilities. My guess would be Jumptap's on deck. 

Millennial: Android Passes RIM, iPhone Still on Top

Millennial's July data were released earlier this morning. They reflect what's been broadly reported elsewhere: continued growth of Android (and the iPad). Here are the headlines:

  • Android grew 47% month-over-month. Since January Android has grown 690%.
  • Android also officially became the number two OS on the Millennial network (surpassing RIM)
  • Apple ad requests increased 24% month-over-month, but are actually down 15% since January; iPad ad requests grew 327% month-over-month.
  • Smartphones and connected devices increased their impression share 7%, and now represent 68% of the total impression share.

Basically, the story is that Android is now a rapidly gaining number two to the iPhone's number one on the Millennial network.

RIM has grown both in terms of representation on the network and in terms of developer involvement, but the news that Android has passed it is more confirmation that the company is in an increasingly challenging competitive position.

And now for the graphics: 

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ShopKick, MyTown and Mobile Loyalty

Coupons and mobile loyalty marketing have emerged as a huge area for brands, retailers and potentially small businesses alike. A potentially significant player in that market, ShopKick, formally launches on the iPhone today. Android is coming later.

ShopKick is like a marriage of Foursquare and Placecast's ShopAlerts. I previously posted about ShopKick on Screenwerk:

In a nutshell ShopKick offers coupons and rewards for entering stores and checking in (this extends to store departments in some cases). Users can also scan products for information and additional offers. Points ("Kickbucks") are accumulated toward rewards that include gift cards and promotional products. Inaugural retailers are BestBuy, American Eagle Outfitters, Macy's and Sports Authority.

ShopKick will also show nearby offers and potential rewards to lure people into stores in addition to rewarding them for "walking in."

Separately but in a related vein, Booyah's MyTown is seeking to differentiate itself from competitors Foursquare and Gowalla by offering product check-ins. The company claimed "over 350,000 Product Check-ins a week by our players!" during a test period. 

Product check-ins on MyTown are not necessarily store specific. Users scan products with their phone's camera (iPhone) and get rewards or enter to win contests, etc. Inaugural brands in this program were H&M stores and Pantene haircare products. 

Hm07 

There a few things significant about these developments: 

  • Traditional loyalty programs are mobilizing (see also, CardStar) and morphing into games
  • Mobile users can receive push messages about offers near stores
  • The mobile angle allows new types of on-site analytics (based on foot traffic, time of day, etc.)
  • These services can also be promoted through and integrated into traditional media (e.g., print, TV, DOOH)

Related: There's a lengthy article in the NYTimes about ShopKick. And Barcode Hero is another app that ties rewards to product scanning.

Is Apples iAd a Success or a Flop?

We get competing views of Apple's iAds from the Wall Street Journal and blog Business Insider. First the WSJ, which discusses the slow rollout and bottlenecks, as well as some developer disappointments:

Since launching its iAd mobile advertising service on July 1, Apple has been slow to roll it out. Of the 17 launch partners Apple named for iAd, only Unilever PLC and Nissan Co. had iAd campaigns for much of July. Of the remaining 17, Citigroup Inc., Walt Disney Co. and J.C. Penney Co.—which tied its campaign to the back-to-school-season—have since launched iAd campaigns and other companies are planning iAd efforts.

Part of the reason some marketers are experiencing delays in getting their iAds to market is that Apple has kept tight control on the creative aspects of ad-making, something advertisers aren't used to, according to several ad executives involved with creating iAds.

But then an almost totally opposite report (based on a single case) from Business Insider:

[T]he ads themselves look really good, publishers and advertisers seem happy so far, and users are actually playing with the ads . . .

Dictionary.com president Shravan Goli [reported] . . . 

--iAd eCPMs, or effective cost per 1,000 impressions, are more than $10.
--iAd eCPMs are 2X to 3X the eCPMs he's seen from some other mobile ad networks.
--iPhone eCPMs in general (iAd + others) are 5X to 6X those of other mobile platforms.
--iAd fill rates are around 70%-80% now that Apple has started letting app-makers advertise for cheap in other apps.

USAToday has a similar article based on early developer feedback. There are other critical articles about Apple's creative control and low fill rates. However I would argue that iAds have succeeded whether or not Apple or the initial developers specifically make money off them. Here's why:

  • They've brought credibility to mobile advertising that it previously lacked
  • They've accelerated mobile ad investments among brands
  • They've raised the creative bar and put pressure on others to offer more engaging mobile ads

In short, iAd has helped jumpstart mobile advertising across the board and will result in better more creatively engaging ads for all. In that regard it's a success despite all the criticism of Apple and its slow roll out.

Nokia Builds Mobile Craigslist for Developing Countries

There have been other mobile classifieds marketplaces but none with the potential heft of Nokia. Craigslist has many associated third party apps on the iPhone that mobilize its listings content; eBay of course has had great success in mobile, to name two big names. 

Nokia has now created Listings, a sales and services marketplace aimed right now at the developing world. It's only available in India during the beta test. 

The downloadable app features several categories of information:

  • Buy & Sell – Find or post items for sale
  • Jobs – Find or post a job
  • Local Services – Access or advertise services such as auto repairs, driver services, plumbers, etc.

The success of such a service is all about penetration and inventory. If lots of people use the service it could become quite successful and potentially generate meaningful revenue on a global basis. User experience is key but more important is getting the listings content into the system so that users show up.

The service is also more likely to succeed in countries where there aren't already established online marketplaces, which means developing nations primarily. Yet if the content is there and the UX is good enough it could potentially compete elsewhere in world, in Europe perhaps.

Amobee Consolidates European Relationships, Forms Huge Network

There are a number of giant, global mobile advertising companies or "platforms" emerging. Beyond the big brands, Google, Yahoo, Microsoft, there are Velti, inMobi and Amobee. Of the latter three, Velti and Amobee are more similarly situated, while inMobi is an ad network doing ad sales directly. 

Today Amobee announced that "it has been appointed by Gruner + Jahr Electronic Media Sales (G+J EMS) to represent 75% of premium mobile content in Germany. Amobee will become the exclusive partner in mobile advertising, serving billions of ads impressions per month." 

Amobee explains that Germany is the "largest single-country mobile ad marketplace" in Europe. The company also claims that it can, through its carrier partners and publishers, "reach around 1 in 7 mobile users on the planet every day."

Previously Amobee acquired mobile ad agencey RingRing Media. The company says its ultimate goal is to create "the industry’s largest mobile advertising exchange dedicated to connecting publishers, advertising agencies and brands to premium inventory in real-time, on a global scale."

There are many other mobile ad "exchanges" and ad mediators in the market, including AdMarvel, Smaato, Nexage, Mobclix and others. Over the next year the mobile ad market is ripe for M&A as major players try and build more global scale. US-based mobile ad network Millennial Media has indicated it may try and go public.

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Related: Nexage announces major platform upgrade for optimized mobile ad mediation & optimization.

Tellme/Microsoft Executive Joins TeleNav

Former Tellme CEO Mike McCue is off with his new company Flipboard; and mobile navigation provider TeleNav has named former Tellme executive Dariusz Paczuski as marketing VP. It also announced Tom Erdman as enterprise solutions VP. 

Paczuski was responsible for Bing and Tellme carrier strategy at Microsoft. Before that he managed consumer services at Tellme. Prior to Tellme/Microsoft, Paczuski was at AOL running search. He was at Netscape and several other online companies before joining AOL.

Paczuski will be responsible for consumer product marketing and mobile advertising and commerce for TeleNav, which is behind many of the carrier GPS navigation tools and products. TeleNav now has to compete with formidable challenges from free navigation services offered by Google, Nokia and Mapquest.

Shooger Launches PC Site, Aims for Broad Consumer Adoption

In case it isn't clear, deals, coupons and local offers are very hot and will continue to be. The incredible rise of daily deals (e.g., Groupon) and the evolution of Foursquare as a couponing and loyalty platform reflect this. Indeed, deals have emerged as a uniquely popular and critical form of mobile marketing. I previously discussed data showing significant (100% YoY) growth for digital coupons. 

In the iTunes app store alone there are more than 245 stand-alone apps that respond to the query "coupons." And there are well over 100 daily deal providers in the US market. But how many "vendors" can and will the market support?

Historically coupon sites were plagued by an "inventory" problem; there wasn't enough content there to be useful or that interesting to consumers. Cellfire, an early mobile coupons pioneer, was the exemplar of this problem until the company switched to grocery coupons. This was also a challenge with ValPak's PC site as well. Models that emphasize "push" (daily deals, ValPak's blue envelope) require less "inventory" than "pull" (search) models.

For those publishers, apps and sites seeking to build consumer brands and destinations, aggregation of others' deals has become a key strategy. Yipit, RetailMeNot, TheDealMap, 8Coupons and Shooger, among a number of others, are seeking to be one-stop destinations for offers of various sorts from a broad range of sources. Some of these players also seek to cultivate direct relationships with advertisers as well. 

Accordingly, the coupons and deals ecosystem has "sellers" that own the advertiser or are the source of the deal, consumer-facing brands that distribute offers and those entities that try and do some version of both. ValPak does both, so does Groupon, so does Yelp. Google aspires to do both. Google of course is the ultimate, if imperfect, coupon "aggregator" because search is how most people online find deals. And Ask.com has a dedicated deals site.

In the daily deal segment, Yipit is angling to become a "one stop shop" for consumers. It only distributes others' offers. Shooger, which started in Florida and has recently expanded nationally, also seeks to be a comprehensive consumer destination, though it also allows advertisers to create coupons. The site also now crosses platforms. Shooger just launched its online presence after being exclusively a smarpthone app. 

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One of our most popular webcasts was on mobile coupons with Shooger and ValPak. And our next webinar will be on daily deals with Yipit and Closely.

While the entire deals segment shows no signs of slowing winners and losers will emerge in the near future -- though many companies on the consumer side (though not hundreds) can succeed. There's a land-grab going on for consumer awareness and usage. Winning sites and apps will need to offer both great content, which means comprehensiveness outside of the daily deals, as well as superior usability -- and probably cross-platform distribution for maximum and brand-building purposes. 

Shooger is taking aim at all three. 

Survey: 36% of Retailers Have Mobile Site, 33% Have Apps, 9% Spending $25M+

A recent Research In Motion-Forbes survey of 305 executives at leading U.S. retailers with $100 million or more in annual revenues showed they were mostly bullish on mobile and moving quickly to adopt it as a key customer retention/loyalty and marketing channel. The chief motivation for "going mobile" was the recognition of customer adoption of mobile devices and the desire to capture a "first mover advantage."

Sixty-three percent of survey respondents indicated they were already in market with some form of a mobile program: "in pilot programs" (39%) or "expanding rapidly" (24%). Ten percent said they had "already widely implemented" mobile and only 7% said they "did not plan to pursue," while 20% responded that mobile was currently "under evaluation." 

Of those using mobile 61% said their efforts were "somewhat integrated" with their other maketing/advertising channels. Thirteen percent said their mobile intiatives were "completely integrated," while 17% reported they were "not at all integrated."

Which of the following statements is closest to your company’s attitude/approach towards development of a mobile channel?

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What mobile tactics are you using today—and plan to be using in one year?

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What are the main factors that drive your mobile channel efforts?

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How are your investments in the mobile channel performing to date?

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Source: Forbes-RIM (n=305, 4/10)

Recent US consumer survey data from Insight Express found that 82% of respondents were using their mobile devices in the store, while shopping. 

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Source: Insight Express, n=1,300 (Q2, 2010)

A considerable number of retailers (47% in the Forbes survey) are clearly recognizing how consumers are interacting with mobile devices and responding rationally. And another contingent (24%) is responding to competition, following those early adopter-retailers into mobile.

Here's what the Forbes survey revealed were the top mobile spending priorities: 

  • Mobile website -- 30%
  • Mobile redemption/coupons/barcodes -- 29%
  • Mobile advertising (display) -- 27%
  • Downloadable applications -- 25%
  • Database development/obtaining customer opt-in -- 25%
  • Proximity marketing (in-store recognition/interaction on an opt-in basis) -- 23%
  • SMS: two-way communication -- 16%
  • SMS: outbound/informational -- 14% 

The bulk of retailers were spending less than $10 million annually on mobile, with the largest single group (34%) spending under $1 million. However 29% were spending at least $11 million and, of that group, 9% were spending $25 million or more. For 66% of respondents mobile represented 10% or less of their total marketing budgets but they expected mobile spending to grow as a percentage of their overall budgets in the next several years.

The "big picture" that emerges from this survey is that retailers so far see mobile primarily as a customer service and retention/loyalty channel and not as much as a new customer acquisition channel. 

Is 'OnTheFly' a Preview of Google Travel App?

The relatively new ITA OnTheFly iPhone app -- BlackBerry and Android are coming -- provides one of the better mobile travel experiences. The catch is you can't book anything directly with the app. You must go to a preferred airline's app/site or call. The company, which Google is in the process of acquiring, says that its mobile app offers a "demonstration of ITA's QPX airfare shopping engine on a mobile app." 

OnTheFly allows side-by-side airline price comparisons, easy airport and date selection and interactive mapping. Should the ITA deal pass regulatory muster the travel comparison app could quickly become part of a more comprehensive Google travel app/tool.

One of ITA's "properties" is Needlebase, which scrapes, organizes and de-dupes unstructured data from the Web. Here's a rudimentary example of its capabilities:

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As you can see all sorts of related content and information have been collected regarding the destination city: events, dining, attractions.

While other OTAs and aggregators provide additional information about destinations and vacations, Google's in a strong position to quickly dominate consumer traffic in the consumer travel segment if 1) ITA's purchase is allowed and 2) it packages the presentation of content in an elegant way -- especially with this broader data. 

Ironically, while the former may be a near fait accompli the latter is not. Google's local and mobile properties are proliferating and it will be somewhat challenging to bring all the data, capabilities and interfaces together in coherent ways. 

Thanks to Gary Price for the tip.

Forrester: Wait 'n' See on Foursquare

Forrester, late to the LBS party, tells most marketers to "wait and see" on Foursquare and other LBS apps/sites. The chief complaint is that adoption is not large enough for most large marketers to care and it's a mostly male audience according to the firm's survey data.

AdAge covers the findings:

Almost 80% of location-based service users are male. Close to 70% of them are between the ages of 19 and 35, and 70% have college degrees or higher. Forrester also found these location-app users to be influential . . . and they are especially receptive to mobile coupons and offers . . . This small audience is still attractive to some marketers. Forrester recommends that gaming, consumer electronics and sportswear marketers lead the way with testing these apps . . .

To its credit Forrester does recommend that some brands and marketers go after this audience, which is acknowledged to be populated with influencers. Here's the survey breakdown:

Image credit: AdAge

While the general underlying advice -- marketer know thy audience -- is sound, the danger is that this data and the coverage surrounding it will create a "negative halo" and cause some marketers to think they can "wait another year" before testing and engaging with mobile in general. They cannot.

There are a number of LBS apps and mobile websites focused on local that are mainstream now (e.g., Google, Yelp, Yellowbook). In addition, retailers and brands should be considering mobile loyalty programs (including SMS) and actively testing them today so that later they won't be in the "trial and error phase" -- while their competitors trounce them with innovative campaigns and best practices developed while they hestitated.

Mobile loyalty marketing and mobile brand marketing have have already proven effective and in many cases much more effective than online. (However mobile shouldn't be considered a stand-alone medium.)

Regarding the 4% audience metrics, they could mislead marketers as well. The US mobile Internet is already 75 million people operating at different levels of engagement. With more people buying smartphones daily those numbers may cross 100 million by the end of this year.

There's also value in being able to test campaigns and marketing tactics outside the glare of major media and large public audiences. In many ways these smaller audiences -- still in the millions -- offer a great opportunity for marketers to try and fail and refine their approaches for broader application later. 

CardStar Lets You Check-in at Checkout

CardStar offers mobile users the ability to manage all their loyalty cards from one app. We first wrote about innovative application in March:

Cardstar is a fascinating company that sits at the intersection of offers and deals, which is fast-growing category online, and mobile loyalty marketing which is already very powerful. In terms of the latter category, we ran into Jay Highley, formerly of Tetherball360. We discussed some of the response rates to these mobile loyalty campaigns and he was sharing data from actual campaigns, which saw response rates of 20% to 40% in some cases.

Today the company announced several upgrades for its iPhone app. The bigger deal is the announcement that it is integrating with Foursquare to enable check-ins when users are showing/scanning their specific store barcodes at checkout. Both Foursquare and CardStar are mobile loyalty apps; the difference is that CardStar requires on-site presence to scan a barcode, whereas Foursquare allows check-ins remotely.

"One of the major pain points with LBS check-ins continues to be the inability to verify the customer was actually on-location when they checked in," explained CardStar's press materials. "This is especially important now as more retailers offer incentives/rewards based on the number of check-ins and demand a more automated redemption system." 

Here are pre-digested quotes from CardStar CEO Andy Miller (not Quattro's Andy Miller):

  • "It's always been a marketer's dream to influence a consumer before, during and after the shopping experience. The CardStar platform will provide marketers the opportunity to present customers with the right offer at the right time on the right device."
  • "The typical CardStar user already launches the app at point-of-sale in retail locations, airports, gyms and libraries. The CardStar integration with Foursquare was the next logical step to deliver a more cohesive mobile experience."

Our recent Foursquare survey shows that a large percentage of SMBs (mostly restaurants) currently using Foursquare don't really know if it has helped their businesses. Roughly 70% of respondents said they were tracking check-ins, however. 

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Source: Opus Research, Search Influence, Dream Systems Media (6/10), SMBs offering incentives on Foursquare

CardStar has collected tremendous data on customer behavior that can be used to push and target offers to users of its apps, more of which are coming. It is evolving into a promotions platform beyond a simple but efficient customer card loyalty tool. 

Foursquare early on became a loyalty platform and is becoming a new customer acquisition tool as well. It will be interesting to see whether this CardStar-Foursquare integration becomes a model for others and, then, whether Foursquare becomes a Twitter-like promotions platform that pushes offers through third party apps such as CardStar. 

My suspicion is yes it will.

Crisp Bringing Rich Media to Local with Verve

Mobile ads provider Crisp Wireless has teamed up with Verve Wireless "to bring Crisp’s rich media mobile ads to Verve’s global local media and newspapers." Verve develops and hosts the mobile sites for more than 700 newspapers in North America and Europe.

Quattro Wireless started out building mobile websites for companies and then became an ad network. The rest is, as they say, history (Apple). Similarly Verve is effectively now a local ad network that will offer a range of ad unit types and capabilities to marketers and publishers via Crisp. According to the release:

Verve publishers will utilize Crisp’s ad formats and interactive features, such as location-aware and click-to-call, and will have capabilities to deliver campaigns to smartphones and tablets, including Google Android devices and Apple’s iPhone and iPad.

Verve is one of several mobile ad networks and exchanges targeting the local market specifically:

  • CityGrid 
  • Chitika
  • Local AdXchange
  • LSN Mobile
  • Verve
  • Where 

Of course the traditional ad networks for mobile (e.g., JumpTap, Millennial, Yahoo, Google/AdMob) also offer geo-targeting as well.

Takeaways from the IAB Mobile Conference

The following are some "takeaways" by Citi analyst Mark Mahaney from the recent IAB Mobile Marketing Conference in New York (we didn't attend): 

  • JumpTap reported 3X user engagement in Rich Media Ads on mobile smartphones vs. PC display. Also: 2X the views of mobile movie trailers for studio clients vs. on PCs.
  • PointRoll also noted iPad Ad (display) interaction at 1.10% vs. Mobile at 0.5%, and desktop at 0.26%.
  • Jumptap: 42% of its customers advertise on RIM, followed by 24% on iPhone, 15% on WinMo, 13% on Android. By contrast 55% of JumpTap’s mobile traffic comes from non-smartphones.
  • Quantcast: the iPhone had 65% mobile Web traffic share and Android had 12% less than a year ago. In May the iPhone had 59% share, while Android had 20% share.
  • Mobile Search ads: Advertisers Citi spoke with said search on mobile works well for branded terms, but not for generic terms. Also CPMs continue to be prohibitively high due to the current 2 ads at the top of Google, which result in aggressive bidding of keywords to get ads one of those two spots.

These data reflect a nice snapshot of the market today. There's higher engagement with mobile ads but the medium is more complex and challenging in some respects, as the search data suggest. Android is an increasingly viable #2 platform to the currently dominant iPhone.

Feature phones (and SMS) should also not be neglected. While smartphones in the US constitute about 23% of the market, that means non-smartphones are 77%. While the numbers will become more balanced over time there are still lots of people on feature phones in the US and around the globe. 

IAB Wisely Holds Off on Ad Standards for Mobile

Though many will not say it publicly many digital agency executives and industry observers believe that ad standardization killed online ad creativity. Some also believe that standardization paved the way for so-called "banner blindness" and consumer willingness to simply ignore much of what passes for advertising online.

This led the Online Publishers Association last year to introduce huge new display ad formats, used by selected sites such as the NY Times. Their explicit aim was to revive online ad creativity and grab consumer attention. According to the press release put out at the time: 

These new advertising units reflect the publishers’ desire to achieve four key objectives that will guide the evolution of online display advertising into its next phase:

  • Inspire creativity and high-quality advertising: Develop display units that will inspire a creative renaissance in high-quality advertising by providing a larger canvas for creativity, content and functionality.
  • Provide a greater share of voice for the advertiser: Increase the relative proportion of advertising space (in a single unit) to editorial content and, where possible, run fewer but more captivating ads on the page.
  • Introduce a measurement to capture impact: Develop a metric that emphasizes the impact creative advertising can have on Web viewers while preserving the Internet’s well-established ability to engender response.
  • Enhance interactivity to build user engagement with brands: Offer a broad range of interactivity built into units such as video players, lead capture and advertiser content that will be sharable and have permalinks to spotlight and encourage the best in creativity, while weaving the advertisements deeper into the social fabric of the Web.

Yesterday the IAB published a document called "Prevailing mobile in-application advertising formats." Not standardization per se, it seeks to "codify" mobile ad formats in use today but stops short of recommending consistent ad units at this point: 

Any effort to promote simplification of ad formats must make it easier or cheaper to produce creative for the medium, without stifling the creativity of those designing content or advertising for that medium. At this stage, the in-app ad landscape is too new and dynamic to be ready for creative standards.

The IAB intends this document to offer guidance to both sellers and buyers of in-app ads. We plan to maintain this survey as a living thing, responsive to the astounding pace of change in the in-app ad landscape. We envision updating it as new formats emerge on the scene and gain traction, and as devices and platforms evolve (we note that the iPhone 4’s screen resolution will render much of this document obsolete if that device catches on and older iPhone models leave the market). We’d also like to highlight not just the more popular formats, but also new and innovative ones as well.

While standardization promotes media buying efficiency it also threatens to diminish the excitement and creativity of the new medium. The IAB was wise to restrain itself and let mobile (and tablet) advertising develop organically -- at least for now. 

iPhone Competitors Smell Blood in The Water

Even before Friday's Apple press conference about "antennagate," Verizon was exploiting Apple's problems in ads promoting its Android phones in a full-page newspaper ad in the NY Times. Part of the ad copy read:

And most importantly, it comes with a double antenna design. The kind that allows you to hold the phone any way you like and use it just about anywhere to make crystal clear calls.

Then on Friday, during the press conference, Jobs now infamously said that the iPhone's antenna problems weren't unique, other smartphones have them too. Then the angry reactions and pile-on began.

At once defending themselves and sensing that there was "blood in the water" out the competitor's statements came

"We have not received significant customer feedback on any signal reduction issue for the Omnia II," Samsung said in a statement . . .

"Apple's attempt to draw RIM into Apple's self-made debacle is unacceptable," RIM co-Chief Executives Mike Lazaridis and Jim Balsillie said in a statement emailed late Friday.

And from Nokia

Nokia has invested thousands of man hours in studying human behavior, including how people hold their phones for calls, music playing, web browsing and so on. As you would expect from a company focused on connecting people, we prioritize antenna performance over physical design if they are ever in conflict.

Motorola also argued that its handsets are free from the antenna problems suffered by iPhone 4.

Quick to defend themselves against what they thought were unfair comparisons, Apple's competitors relished a rare moment of vulnerability for the iconic device. Until now it had seemed invulnerable and unbeatable. 

iOS v. Android, but What about the Others?

The media keep focusing on the "battle" between iPhone and Android. But the mobile platform and handset market is not winner-take-all. There's room for more than two players to succeed in the US and internationally. This is a key point made by Google itself several times now. 

But how many platforms and smartphone operating systems can the market support exactly?

The following charts reflect OS representation on AdMob's global network. (AdMob does not equal the mobile Internet or mobile handsets more broadly, but there's a directional correspondence between mobile Internet trends and what AdMob shows in its metrics reports.)

If you consider the chart immediately above, what you see is that the "mobile Internet" (on AdMob's network) is dominated by iOS, followed by Android in North America and Western Europe. In other regions Nokia is a major player or dominant. Despite its large, installed base RIM is barely present on this chart.

RIM of course sells more smartphones than anyone in North America. However its mobile Internet usage data and overall user experience lag competitors. BlackBerry 6 seeks to change that.  

There aren't going to be five viable global smartphone platforms. There might be four, but it's more likely three. Those will vary, as the chart above suggests, on a geographic basis, with the two "constants" across regions likely to be Android and the iPhone.

Given the scathing criticque that an InfoWorld writer offered of Windows 7 (after a demo), it's quite possible that Microsoft might not be among the winners:

The bottom line is this: Windows Phone 7 is a pale imitation of the 2007-era iPhone. It's as if Microsoft decided in summer 2007 to copy the iPhone and has shut its developers in a bunker ever since, so they don't realize that several years have passed, that the iPhone has advanced, and that competitors such as Google Android and Palm WebOS have also pushed the needle forward. 

We'll have to wait and see how accurate this very harsh review is later this year when the handsets hit the market. But the Kin debacle is not a good sign for Redmond. 

In the US smartphone market, it's currently a three-way race between iPhone, Android and RIM. In Europe it's likely to be iPhone, Android and Nokia. Other platforms may simply not have the scale and (developer) mindshare to compete. Several developer surveys certainly suggest this as well. 

Picture 20

Picture 21

 Source: Appcelerator (6/10)

Google Q2 Earnings Call: Android Search Up 300% in 1H

Google released its second quarter 2010 earnings today. You can read the full release and see the earnings slides here. I'm going to focus only on the mobile comments made during the earnings call.

All of the remarks below are from Google SVP Jonathan Rosenberg:

On Android growth: 

  • We are now activating over 160,000 Android devices every day. This is up from 65,000 last quarter.
  • The Android market is also open of course, and now has over 70,000 apps. That was around 30,000 in April.

On mobile search growth:

  • Android search grew 300% in the first half of 2010. So, yes, search on Android devices is exploding.
  • The most popular app is a browser. And what do people do with the browser on these devices? They search an order of magnitude more than they have on any previous type of smartphones, which they had in years past. So, the combination of people browsing on these smartphones connected on very, very fast networks, and searching on them is basically the formula around how Google makes, how Google succeeds.

On click to call ad performance:

  • The click to call ads on the high end mobile phones are doing very well. The click through rates go up 6% when you put ads with a phone number, 8% when you put a local address. 

On mobile search not cannibalizing the PC:

  • I think there are also slightly different usage patterns across desktop and mobile. You tend to see more use of the mobile devices on weekends, which is not surprising but they don’t actually have any more specific data that proves those observations or that hypothesis. 

While mobile search volumes are growing from a small base, the numbers very quickly can become very large.

Citi's Mark Mahaney estimated that mobile search volumes are now roughly 10% of Google's overall monthly search queries in the US. That may be aggressive but if it's close that would mean more than a billion searches a month on mobile devices. And if we consider that the bulk of those are coming from smartphones (21% - 23% of the market), the growth potential is huge.